home issue tracker

This page pertains to UD version 2.

English Dependency Relations

The following table lists the 37 universal syntactic relations used in UD v2, but links to English-specific documentation (if available).

Note: The universal relation clf is not used in English.

Core dependents of clausal predicates
Nominal dep Predicate dep
nsubj csubj
nsubj:pass csubj:pass
nsubj:outer csubj:outer
obj ccomp xcomp
iobj
Non-core dependents of clausal predicates
Nominal dep Predicate dep Modifier word
obl advcl advmod
obl:npmod
obl:tmod
Special clausal dependents
Nominal dep Auxiliary Other
vocative aux mark
discourse aux:pass
expl cop
Noun dependents
Nominal dep Predicate dep Modifier word
nummod acl amod
  acl:relcl
appos   det
    det:predet
nmod    
nmod:npmod
nmod:tmod
nmod:poss
Compounding and unanalyzed
compound flat
compound:prt flat:foreign
fixed goeswith
Coordination
conj cc
  cc:preconj
Case-marking, prepositions, possessive
case
Loose joining relations
list parataxis orphan
dislocated reparandum
Other
Sentence head Punctuation Unspecified dependency
root punct dep