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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Semantic Categories in UD v2

Some of the relations in v1, in particular name and neg), primarily encoded semantic distinctions (rather than syntactic). We therefore make the following changes for v2:

Remove neg

We have decided to get rid of the neg relation which is not syntactic. Instead we will use

Rename name and modify its use

The name label is another one that has led to confusion. It was not intended to be used for all named entities, but only for names consisting of multiple nominal elements. We suggest keeping the relation but renaming it to flat to (a) avoid the impression that it should capture named entities in general, and (b) indicate that the relation is only appropriate when there is no clear syntactic head. After we have dropped the direct association with names, we can also extend the use of this relation to titles (“Mrs.”, “President”, etc.) in languages where they do not show clear head or dependent properties. A subtype flat:name can be used to preserve information in existing treebanks.

Hillary Rodham Clinton
flat(Hillary, Rodham)
flat(Hillary, Clinton)
Monsieur Louis Pignon
flat(Monsieur, Louis)
flat(Monsieur, Pignon)

In case of foreign phrases that are phrasal or clausal names and where we do not (or cannot) give a compositional analysis, we now use the new relation flat instead of the old foreign, which is removed in v2. A subtype flat:foreign may be used to preserve information in existing treebanks.

The French title of the book is " Harry à l' école des sorciers ".
flat(Harry, à)
flat(Harry, l')
flat(Harry, école)
flat(Harry, des)
flat(Harry, sorciers)