The UD annotation assumes the nominal, or noun phrase, as one of the basic structures that we expect to find in all languages. A nominal minimally consists of a noun, proper noun or pronoun.
hon såg filmen . \n she saw the-film obj(såg, filmen)
hon såg Batman \n she saw Batman obj(såg, Batman)
hon såg den \n she saw it obj(såg, den)
A nominal head does not take any core arguments but may be associated with different types of modifiers:
nmodis a nominal phrase modifying the head of another nominal phrase, with or without a special case marker.
apposis a nominal phrase that follows the head of another nominal phrase and stands in a co-reference or other equivalence relation to it.
amodis an adjective modifying the head of a nominal phrase.
nummodis a numeral modifying the head of a nominal phrase.
aclis a clause modifying the head of a nominal phrase, with the relative clause
acl:relclas an important subtype.
the Chair 's office nmod(office-4, Chair-2)
the office of the Chair nmod(office-2, Chair-5)
Sam , the manager appos(Sam, manager)
Sam eats red meat amod(meat, red)
Sam spent forty dollars nummod(dollars, forty)
Sam spent everything he had acl:relcl(everything, had)
Function Word Dependents
Nominals may also contain the following typical function word dependents:
- Determiners attach to the head of the nominal with the
- Adpositions attach to the head of the nominal with the
- Classifiers attach to a numeral or possessive with the
the Chair 's office det(Chair-2, the-1) nmod(office-4, Chair-2) case(Chair-2, 's-3)
the office of the Chair det(office-2, the-1) nmod(office-2, Chair-5) case(Chair-5, of-3) det(Chair-5, the-4)
sān gè xuéshēng \n three clf student nummod(xuéshēng, sān) clf(sān, gè)