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This page pertains to UD version 2.

AUX: auxiliary verb

Definition

The only truly auxiliary verb in Armenian is եմ  “be”, and its variants (with separate lemma) լինեմ (լինել)  “be repeatedly / habitually” and կամ  “be, exist”. It accompanies the lexical verb of a verb phrase and expresses grammatical distinctions not carried by the lexical verb.

Armenian auxiliary verbs can be divided into:

Examples

Note, that fintie present and imperfect forms of եմ  and էի  are also used with the perfect and future participles of the lexical verbs to form periphrastic present perfect (e.g. վազել եմ  “I have run”), (present-)future (e.g. վազելու եմ  “I shall run”) and future-in-the-past (վազելու էի  “I would (intended to) run”). The auxiliaries express aspect, person, number mood and tense (Tense=Pres and Tense=Imp accordingly), participles express aspect and voice.

Note, that in Armenian copulas are also tagged AUX and the definition of copula sentences has been extended to location-existentials (Նա տանն է։ / Նա տանն է լինում։  “He is at home.”) Hence almost all occurrences of եմ  and լինեմ (լինել)  should be now tagged AUX. Only pure existentials without location (Այն եղել է ու կա որպես հուշ։  “It has been and is as a memory.”) have a non-auxiliary լինել  and կամ  which should be tagged VERB.

Note, that finite form of existentials կամ  and ունեմ  in combination with resultative participle (Նա հագած ուներ թեթև վերարկու։ “He had a light coat dressed.” or Երեկվանից ոչ մի տող գրած չկամ։ “I do not have a single line written since yesterday.” (lit: “I do not exist written a single row since yesterday.”) are also tagged AUX (so-called “experiential forms”, mainly negativ or interrogative).

Armenian modal verbs are not considered auxiliary and they are tagged VERB. Their behavior is only slightly different from other content verbs.


AUX in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [ug] [uk] [u] [urj] [ur] [vi] [yue] [zh]