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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Language-Specific Relations

In addition to the universal dependency taxonomy, it is desirable to recognize grammatical relations that are particular to one language or a small group of related languages. Such language-specific relations are necessary to accurately capture the genius of a particular language but will not involve concepts that generalize broadly. These language-specific relations should always be regarded as a subtype of an existing UD relation.

Labels of relation subtypes explictly encode the core UD relation that the language-specific relation is a subtype of, following the format universal:extension.

acl

advcl

advmod

amod

aux

case

cc

ccomp

compound

conj

cop

csubj

dep

det

discourse

dislocated

expl

flat

goeswith

iobj

mark

nmod

nsubj

nummod

obj

obl

orphan

parataxis

vocative

xcomp