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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD Hindi English HIENCS

Language: Hindi English (code: qhe)
Family: Code switching

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.3 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Riyaz Ahmad Bhat, Irshad Ahmad Bhat.

Repository: UD_Hindi_English-HIENCS
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.5

License: CC BY-SA 4.0. The underlying text is not included; the user must obtain it separately and then merge with the UD annotation using a script distributed with UD

Genre: social

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Hindi English-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [riyaz • ah • bhat (æt) gmail • com]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually, natively in UD style
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD

Description

The Hindi-English Code-switching treebank is based on code-switching tweets of Hindi and English multilingual speakers (mostly Indian) on Twitter. The treebank is manually annotated using UD sceheme. The training and evaluations sets were seperately annotated by different annotators using UD v2 and v1 guidelines respectively. The evaluation sets are automatically converted from UD v1 to v2.

Acknowledgments

Any publication reporting the work done using this data should cite the following papers:

Irshad Ahmad Bhat, Riyaz Ahmad Bhat, Manish Shrivastava and Dipti Misra Sharma. Universal Dependency Parsing for Hindi-English Code-switching. In Proceedings of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (NAACL) 2018, New Orleans, USA.

@inproceedings{bhat2017joining, title={Joining Hands: Exploiting Monolingual Treebanks for Parsing of Code-mixing Data}, author={Bhat, Irshad and Bhat, Riyaz A and Shrivastava, Manish and Sharma, Dipti}, booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Volume 2, Short Papers}, volume={2}, pages={324–330}, year={2017} }

Irshad Ahmad Bhat, Riyaz Ahmad Bhat, Manish Shrivastava and Dipti Misra Sharma. Joining Hands: Exploiting Monolingual Treebanks for Parsing of Code-mixing Data. In Proceedings of the European Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics (EACL) 2017, Valencia, Spain.

@inproceedings{bhat2018universal, title={Universal Dependency Parsing for Hindi-English Code-Switching}, author={Bhat, Irshad and Bhat, Riyaz A and Shrivastava, Manish and Sharma, Dipti}, booktitle={Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long Papers)}, volume={1}, pages={987–998}, year={2018} }

Statistics of UD Hindi English HIENCS

POS Tags

ADJADPADVAUXCCONJDETINTJNOUNNUMPARTPRONPROPNPUNCTSCONJSYMVERBX

Features

Relations

aclacl:relcladvcladvmodamodapposauxcaseccccompcompoundconjcopcsubjdetdiscourseexplfixedflatiobjmarknmodnsubjnummodobjoblorphanparataxispunctrootvocativexcomp

Tokenization and Word Segmentation

Morphology

Tags

Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features

Syntax

Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview