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This page pertains to UD version 2.

UD French FQB

Language: French (code: fr)
Family: Indo-European, Romance

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v2.4 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Djamé Seddah, Marie Candito, Bruno Guillaume.

Repository: UD_French-FQB
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.9

License: LGPL-LR

Genre: nonfiction, news

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either French-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [djame • seddah (æt) gmail • com]. Development of the treebank happens outside the UD repository. If there are bugs, either the original data source or the conversion procedure must be fixed. Do not submit pull requests against the UD repository.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


The corpus UD_French-FQB is an automatic conversion of the French QuestionBank v1, a corpus entirely made of questions.

The original French QuestionBank is described in Hard Time Parsing Questions: Building a QuestionBank for French.. It was converted to UD with the conversion system described in the chapter 3 of the book Application of Graph Rewriting to Natural Language Processing and available on Inria Gitlab.

The original annotation scheme versions (phrase-structure, surface dependencies following the FTB scheme, Deep syntax annotations following the Deep Sequoia scheme are available at the following URL.



Statistics of UD French FQB

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Verbs with Reflexive Core Objects

Relations Overview