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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

Features

Lexical features
PronType
NumType
Poss
Reflex
Inflectional features
Nominal Verbal
Gender VerbForm
Animacy Mood
Number Tense
Case Aspect
Definite Voice
Degree Person
Negative

Animacy: animacy

This feature is not relevant in Hungarian.

edit Animacy

Aspect: aspect

Two values of Aspect are used in Hungarian, both of which denote productive derivational processes:

Freq (frequentative): üt - ütöget (hit - hit several times)

Mod (modal): üt - üthet (hit - (he) may hit)

edit Aspect

Case: case

Case is used for nominal parts-of-speech (nouns, proper nouns, numerals, adjectives and pronouns).

edit Case

Definite: definiteness or state

Definiteness is relevant for determiners and verbs in Hungarian. Besides the values Def and Indef, we apply the value 2 for marking second person objects, which trigger special inflectional suffixes on the verb:

Szeret egy fiút. love-PRES-3SG-INDEF a boy-ACC “She loves a boy.”

Szereti a fiút. love-PRES-3SG-DEF the boy-ACC “She loves the boy.”

Szeretlek. love-PRES-1SG-2SGOBJ “I love you.”

edit Definite

Degree: degree of comparison

Degree is relevant for adjectives and some adverbs in Hungarian.

edit Degree

Gender: gender

This feature is not relevant in Hungarian.

edit Gender

Mood: mood

We apply the features Ind, Cnd and Imp in Hungarian.

edit Mood

Negative: whether the word can be or is negated

This feature is not used in Hungarian.

edit Negative

NumType: numeral type

NumType is relevant for numerals and adjectives (denoting quantities).

edit NumType

Number: number

Number is relevant for nouns, proper nouns, adjectives, pronouns, numerals, auxiliaries and verbs. Relevant values are Sing and Plur. We also apply the features Number[psor] and Number[psed] to denote the number of the possessor and the possessed on nominal elements.

háza house-3SGPOSS “his house” Number[psor]=Sing Person[psor]=3 Number[psed]=None
házuk house-3PLPOSS “their house” Number[psor]=Plur Person[psor]=3 Number[psed]=None
házáé house-3SGPOSS-SGPSED “that of his house” Number[psor]=Sing Person[psor]=3 Number[psed]=Sing
házáéi house-3SGPOSS-PLPSED “those of his house” Number[psor]=Sing Person[psor]=3 Number[psed]=Plur

edit Number

Number[psed]: Number[psed]

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Number[psed].

edit Number[psed]

Number[psor]: Number[psor]

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Number[psor].

edit Number[psor]

Person: person

Person is relevant for determiners, pronouns, auxiliaries and verbs. We also apply the feature Person[psor] to denote the person of the possessor on nominal elements.

háza house-3SGPOSS “his house” Number[psor]=Sing Person[psor]=3 Number[psed]=None
házam house-1SGPOSS “my house” Number[psor]=Sing Person[psor]=1 Number[psed]=None

edit Person

Person[psor]: Person[psor]

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Person[psor].

edit Person[psor]

Poss: possessive

Poss is not applied in Hungarian.

edit Poss

PronType: pronominal type

PronType is relevant for ADVs, DETs and PRONs in Hungarian. For adverbs, we apply two specific values:

Default denotes “general” adverbs without any specifications.

AdvPart denotes adverbial participles (futva - running).

edit PronType

Reflex: reflexive

This feature is relevant for pronouns in Hungarian.

edit Reflex

Tense: tense

This feature is used for verbs and auxiliaries, with the values Past and Pres.

edit Tense

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

For verbs and auxiliaries, VerbForm denotes finite and infinitival forms of verbs. For adjectives, verbForm may denote whether it is a participle:

Part:Pres (present participle) - futó “running”

Part:Past (past participle) - főtt “cooked”

Part:Fut (future participle) - eljövendő “to come”

edit VerbForm

Voice: voice

We use Voice for verbs and auxiliaries with two values, Act and Cau.

edit Voice