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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

Features

Lexical features
PronType
NumType
Poss
Reflex
Inflectional features
Nominal Verbal
Gender VerbForm
Animacy Mood
Number Tense
Case Aspect
Definite Voice
Degree Person
Negative

Animacy: animacy

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Animacy.

edit Animacy

Aspect: aspect

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Aspect.

edit Aspect

Case: case

Case is an inflectional feature of nouns and other parts of speech (adjectives) that mark agreement with nouns.

Case helps specify the role of the noun phrase in the sentence. For example, the nominative and accusative cases often distinguish subject and object of the verb, while in fixed-word-order languages these functions would be distinguished merely by the positions of the nouns in the sentence.

In Irish four cases are used: common (which covers nominative and accusative case), vocative, genitive and dative. These cases are labelled as NomAcc, Voc, Gen, and Dat.

NomAcc : common case

The common case is the base form of the noun, and is used in the citation form (lemma). This word form is used for subjects and objects of a clause, and predicates of a copula.

Examples

Voc : vocative case

The vocative case is used to direcly address someone, and is preceded by the particle a.

Examples

Gen : genitive case

The genitive case indicates possesion, as denoted by the English preposition ‘of’. It is also used to describe the composition of an object. Objects of a compound preposition are also written in the genitive case.

Examples

Dat : dative case

The dative case is used with most simple prepositions in Irish. In standard Irish, the dative form is identical to the common case.

Examples

edit Case

Definite: definiteness or state

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Definite.

edit Definite

Degree: degree of comparison

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Degree.

edit Degree

Dialect: Dialect

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Dialect.

edit Dialect

Form: Form

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Form.

edit Form

Gender: gender

Irish has two gender forms: masculine and feminine.

Masc : masculine gender

In general, words ending in a broad consonant are masculine. Exceptions include words ending in slender -óir, -eoir, and -ín, which are masculine.

Examples

Fem : feminine gender

In general, words ending in a slender consonant are feminine. Exceptions include words ending in a broad -óg, or -eog, which are feminine.

Examples

edit Gender

Mood: mood

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Mood.

edit Mood

Negative: whether the word can be or is negated

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Negative.

edit Negative

NounType: NounType

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for NounType.

edit NounType

NumType: numeral type

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for NumType.

edit NumType

Number: number

Number is an inflectional feature of nouns and other parts of speech (adjectives, verbs) that mark agreement with nouns.

Sing:singular

A singular noun denotes one person, animal or thing. Adjectives and referents must also be singular to agree with them.

Examples

Plur:plural

A plural noun denotes several persons, animals or things. Adjectives and referents must also be in the plural to agree with them.

Examples

edit Number

PartType: PartType

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PartType.

edit PartType

Person: person

Person is a feature of personal and possessive pronouns and verbs. In verbs, this feature marks the subject, in some cases allowing the subject to be dropped entirely. In Irish, some verbs are constructed synthetically, and some are analytically constructed.

1 : first person

The first person refers to the speaker; singular first person includes just one speaker, while plural first person includes many speakers, or groups the speaker with others. In Irish verbs, the first person forms a synthetic verb, where the subject pronoun may be dropped from the verb. Prepositional and possessive pronouns also inflect to denote person and number.

Examples

2 : second person

The second person refers to the listener. The singular first person denotes just one listener, while the plural form denotes several listeners. Verbs in Irish do not indicate 2nd person, so subject pronouns are necessary.

Examples

3 : third person

The third person refers to one or more persons who are not present, i.e. neither speakers nor listeners.

Examples

edit Person

Poss: possessive

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Poss.

edit Poss

PrepForm: PrepForm

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PrepForm.

edit PrepForm

PronType: pronominal type

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PronType.

edit PronType

Reflex: reflexive

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Reflex.

edit Reflex

Tense: tense

Tense is a feature that specifies the time when the action took / takes / will take place, in relation to the current moment or to another action in the utterance.

Past : past tense

The past tense denotes actions that happened before the current moment. In Irish, past tense is indicated in the verb through the addition of lenition and/or a d’- prefix.

Examples

Pres : present tense

The present tense denotes actions that are happening right now or that habitually happen.

Examples

Fut : future tense

The future tense denotes actions that will happen after the current moment. In Irish, the future is indicated by the addition of a -f-, or -ó- suffix, with endings depending on person.

edit Tense

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for VerbForm.

edit VerbForm

Voice: voice

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Voice.

edit Voice