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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

Features

Lexical features
PronType
NumType
Poss
Reflex
Inflectional features
Nominal Verbal
Gender VerbForm
Animacy Mood
Number Tense
Case Aspect
Definite Voice
Degree Person
Negative

Abbr: Abbr

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Abbr.

edit Abbr

AdpType: AdpType

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for AdpType.

edit AdpType

Animacy: animacy

Feature Animacy is not used in Estonian UD.

edit Animacy

Aspect: aspect

Feature Aspect is not used in Estonian UD.

edit Aspect

Case: case

Definition

Case is an inflectional feature for nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals in Estonian.
Estonian has 14 inflectional cases:
nominative
genitive
partitive
illative
inessive
elative
allative
adessive
ablative
translative
terminative
essive
abessive
comitative

edit Case

Connegative: Connegative

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Connegative.

edit Connegative

Definite: definiteness or state

Feature Definite is not used in Estonian UD.

edit Definite

Degree: degree of comparison

Definition

Degree of comparison is an inflectional feature of some adjectives and verb participles. A participle has to be tagged as ADJ in order to have the Degree feature.

Possible degrees:

Pos: positive, the base form of an adjective.
Examples: suur maja “big house”,
tuntud poliitik “well-known politician”.

Cmp: comparative. The quality of one things is compared to the same quality of another.
Examples: suurem maja “bigger house”, tuntum poliitik “better-known politician”.

Sup: superlative. The quality of one object is compared to the same quality of all other objects within a set. Examples: suurim maja “the biggest house”, tuntuim poliitik “the best-known politician”

edit Degree

Foreign: Foreign

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Foreign.

edit Foreign

Gender: gender

Feature Gender is not used in Estonian UD as Estonian has no grammatical gender.

edit Gender

Hyph: Hyph

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Hyph.

edit Hyph

Mood: mood

Definition

Mood is a feature that expresses modality and subclassifies finite verb forms. Its an inflectional verb feature in Estonian, including indicative, conditional, imperative and quotative. According to some authors (e.g Erelt 2003), Estonian also has jussive mood. However, in Estonian UD, these usages are regarded as quotatives.

Ind: Indicative
The indicative can be considered the default mood. A verb in indicative merely states that something happens, has happened or will happen, without adding any attitude of the speaker. Indicative mood combines with all persons and tenses and both voices in Estonian.

Imp: imperative
The imperative expresses the speaker’s request, order or prohibition to the listener or call for a joint action. In the imperative mood, there is no first person singular form. The first person plural forms belong to the high style. The second person singular form is unmarked. Some authors separate third person forms as jussive mood (e.g. Erelt 2003).
Imperative mood combines both with active and passive voice.

Cnd: conditional
The conditional mood is used to express the speaker’s opinion that an action or an event would have taken place under some circumstances but it actually did not / do not happen. Conditional mood is also used to express politeness.
A verb in conditional mood may inflect for person, but alternatively, non-inflected forms are also widely used.
Conditional mood combines with two tenses: present and preteritum (compound past) In the latter case, only the auxiliary is tagged using the feature cond.
Conditional combines with both voices (active and passive) in Estonian.

Quot: quotative
The quotative is used when the speaker wants to point out that s/he is not responsible for the accuracy of a statement but acts only as an intermediary or reporter.
Verb in quotative mood does not inflect for person. Like conditional, it combines with two tenses – present and preteritum (compound past). In the latter case, only the auxiliary is tagged using the feature quot. Quotative combines with both voices, active and passive.

Erelt 2003 = Estonian language. Edited by Mati Erelt. Linguistica Uralica Supplemenatry series vol 1. Tallinn: Estonian Academy Publishers.

edit Mood

Negative: whether the word can be or is negated

Definition

In UD Estonian, the feature Negative marks
forms used as (parts of or modifiers of) negative form of a verb: ei, mitte “no, not”, pole “is not” polnud “was not”, ära “don’t”,
negative conjunctions ega, mitte.

edit Negative

NumForm: NumForm

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for NumForm.

edit NumForm

NumType: numeral type

Card: cardinal number
Ord: ordinal number

edit NumType

Number: number

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Number.

edit Number

Person: person

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Person.

edit Person

Poss: possessive

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Poss.

edit Poss

PronType: pronominal type

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PronType.

edit PronType

Reflex: reflexive

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Reflex.

edit Reflex

Tense: tense

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Tense.

edit Tense

VerbForm: form of verb or deverbative

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for VerbForm.

edit VerbForm

Voice: voice

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for Voice.

edit Voice