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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

Dependencies

Note: nmod, neg, and punct appear in two places.

Core dependents of clausal predicates
Nominal dep Predicate dep
nsubj csubj
nsubjpass csubjpass
dobj ccomp xcomp
iobj
Non-core dependents of clausal predicates
Nominal dep Predicate dep Modifier word
nmod advcl advmod
    neg
Special clausal dependents
Nominal dep Auxiliary Other
vocative aux mark
discourse auxpass punct
expl cop
Noun dependents
Nominal dep Predicate dep Modifier word
nummod acl amod
appos   det
nmod   neg
Compounding and unanalyzed
compound mwe goeswith
name foreign
Coordination
conj cc punct
Case-marking, prepositions, possessive
case
Loose joining relations
list parataxis remnant
dislocated reparandum
Other
Sentence head Unspecified dependency
root dep

acl: clausal modifier of noun

The dependency relation acl stands for finite and non-finite clauses that modify a nominal.

edit acl

acl:relcl: acl:relcl

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for acl:relcl.

edit acl:relcl

advcl: adverbial clause modifier

advcl: adverbial clause modifier

An adverbial clause modifier is a clause which modifies a verb or other predicate (adjective, etc.), as a modifier not as a core complement. This includes things such as a temporal clause, consequence, conditional clause, purpose clause, etc. Also comparative constructions are annotated using dependency relation advcl.

Ta jooksis karjudes .
nsubj(jooksis-2, Ta-1)
advcl(jooksis-2, karjudes-3)
punct(jooksis-2, .-4)

He ran shouting.

Mulle pakuti süüa , kui õhtul koolist saabusin .
nmod(pakuti-2, Mulle-1)
xcomp(pakuti-2, süüa-3)
punct(saabusin-8,-4)
sconj(saabusin-8, kui-5)
advmod(saabusin-8, õhtul-6)
nmod(saabusin-8, koolist-7)
advcl(pakuti-2, saabusin-8)
punct(saabusin-8, .-9)

I was offered something to eat, when I arrived from school in the evening

edit advcl

advmod: adverbial modifier

Adverbial modifier advmod is an adverbial modifying an adverb, a verb, an adjective or a nominal.

jooksis väga kiiresti
advmod(kiiresti-3, väga-2)
advmod(jooksis-1, kiiresti-3)

ran very quickly

Kass nägi ka koera .
nsubj(nägi-2, Kass-1)
advmod(koera-4, ka-3)
dobj(nägi-2, koera-4)
punct(nägi-2, .-5)

The cat saw also the dog.

edit advmod

advmod:quant: advmod:quant

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for advmod:quant.

edit advmod:quant

amod: adjectival modifier

An adjectival modifier of a noun is any adjectival phrase that serves to modify the meaning of the noun.

edit amod

appos: appositional modifier

An appositional modifier is a noun preceding or following the head noun that serves to define or modify that noun. Note that appositions can be both right- and left-headed in Estonian UD.

edit appos

aux: auxiliary

An auxiliary of a clause is a non-main verb of the clause, e.g., a modal auxiliary, or an auxiliary in a periphrastic tense. ‘olema’ and in rare occasions ‘saama’ are auxiliaries that form periphrastic tense forms. In the current version of Estonain UD, only ‘saama’, ‘võima’, ‘pidama’, ‘näima’, ‘paistma’, ‘tunduma’ are regarded as modal auxiliaries.

edit aux

auxpass: passive auxiliary

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for auxpass.

edit auxpass

case: case marking

case: case marking

The case relation is used to annotate prepositions and postpositions. Case-marking elements (i.e. adpositions) are treated as dependents of the noun they attach to.

Rüütel läks lossi juurde .
nsubj(läks-2, Rüütel-1)
nmod(läks-2, lossi-3)
case(lossi-3, juurde-4)
punct(läks-2, .-5)

Knight went near the castle.

edit case

cc: coordinating conjunction

A cc is the relation between the first conjunct and the coordinating conjunction delimiting another conjunct.

edit cc

cc:preconj: cc:preconj

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for cc:preconj.

edit cc:preconj

ccomp: clausal complement

A clausal complement of a verb or adjective is a dependent clause which is a core argument.

Ma usun , et kõik läheb hästi.
nsubj(usun-2, Ma-1)
punct(usun-2, ,-3)
mark(läheb-6, et-4)
nsubj(läheb-6, kõik-5)
ccomp(usun-2, läheb-6)
advmod(läheb-6, hästi-7)
punct(usun-2, .-8)

I beleive, that everything goes well.

edit ccomp

compound: compound

The dependency relation compound is used for annotating numbers written with several words or several sequences of digits or combinations of them.

60 000
compound(60-1, 000-2)
~~

~~~sdparse
kaks tuhat
compound(kaks-1, tuhat-2)

two thousand

edit compound

compound:prt: compound:prt

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for compound:prt.

edit compound:prt

conj: conjunct

A conjunct is the relation between two elements connected by a coordinating conjunction. Coordinated elements can be words, phrases or clauses. The head of the relation is the first conjunct and all the other conjuncts depend on it via the conj relation.

edit conj

cop: copula

A copula is the relation between the complement of a copular verb and the copular verb. ‘olema’ is the only copular verb in Estonian UD. The predicative is the head of the copular clause, and also the governor of the cop dependency.

Kass on triibuline . 
nsubj:cop (triibuline-3, Kass-1)
cop (triibuline-3, on-2)
punct (triibuline-3, .-4) 

Cat is striped

edit cop

csubj: clausal subject

A clausal subject is a clausal syntactic subject of a clause. Both finite and non-finite clauses can act as clausal subjects.

Mulle meeldib mõelda .
nmod(meeldib-2, mulle-1)
csubj(meeldib-2, mõelda-3)
punct(meeldib-2, .-4)

I like to think.

edit csubj

csubj:cop: csubj:cop

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for csubj:cop.

edit csubj:cop

csubjpass: clausal passive subject

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for csubjpass.

edit csubjpass

dep: unspecified dependency

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for dep.

edit dep

det: determiner

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for det.

edit det

discourse: discourse element

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for discourse.

edit discourse

dislocated: dislocated elements

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for dislocated.

edit dislocated

dobj: direct object

In Estonian, a direct object can be a noun in singular or plural nominative case, singular genitive case or singular or plural partitive case.

Kass nägi koera .
nsubj(nägi-2, Kass-1)
dobj(nägi-2, koera-3)
punct(nägi-2, .-4)

The cat saw the dog.

Öö jooksul olid hundid kolm lammast maha murdnud .
nmod(murdnud-8, Öö-1)
case(Öö-1,jooksul-2)
aux(murdnud-8,olid-3)
nsubj(murdnud-8,hundid-4)
nummod(lammast-6,kolm-5)
dobj(murdnud-8,lammast-6)
compound:prt(murdnud-8,maha-7)
punct(murdnud-8,.-9)

The wolves had killed three sheep during the night.

1 Hommikul  hommik  NOUN  _ _ 2 nmod  _ _
2 püüdis  püüdma  VERB  _ _ 0 root  _ _
3 kass  kass  NOUN  _ _ 2 nsubj _ _
4 kinni kinni ADV _ _ 2 compound:prt  _ _
5 kena  kena  ADJ _ _ 7 amod  _ _
6 paksu paks  ADJ _ _ 7 amod  _ _
7 hiire hiir  NOUN  _ _ 2 dobj  _ _
8 . . PUNCT _ _ 2 punct _ _

In the morning, the cat caught a nice fat mouse.

edit dobj

expl: expletive

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for expl.

edit expl

foreign: foreign words

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for foreign.

edit foreign

goeswith: goes with

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for goeswith.

edit goeswith

iobj: indirect object

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for iobj.

edit iobj

list: list

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for list.

edit list

mark: marker

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for mark.

edit mark

mwe: multi-word expression

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for mwe.

edit mwe

name: name

The dependency relation name is used for proper nouns constituted of multiple nominal elements. Note that names are right-headed in Estonian UD.

Arvo Pärt
name(Pärt-2, Arvo-1)

edit name

neg: negation modifier

The negation modifier is the relation between a negation word and the word it modifies.

Words ‘ei’, ‘ära’ and ‘ärge’ as parts of negative verb form are annotated using this relation.

edit neg

nmod: nominal modifier

The nmod relation is used for nominal modifiers. They depend either on another noun (group “noun dependents”) or on a predicate (group “non-core dependents of clausal predicates”). They can occur alone or together with an adposition in an adpositional phrase.

Rüütel läks lossi .
nsubj(läks-2, Rüütel-1)
nmod(läks-2, lossi-3)
punct(läks-2, .-4)

Knight went into the castle.

Rüütel läks lossi juurde .
nsubj(läks-2, Rüütel-1)
nmod(läks-2, lossi-3)
case(lossi-3, juurde-4)
punct(läks-2, .-5)

Knight went near the castle.

edit nmod

nmod:poss: nmod:poss

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for nmod:poss.

edit nmod:poss

nsubj: nominal subject

The dependency type nsubj marks nominal subjects of the non-copular clause.

Kass nägi koera .  
nsubj (nägi-2, Kass-1)
dobj (nägi-2, koera-3)
punct (nägi-2, .-4)

The cat saw the dog.

edit nsubj

nsubj:cop: nsubj:cop

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for nsubj:cop.

edit nsubj:cop

nsubjpass: passive nominal subject

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for nsubjpass.

edit nsubjpass

nummod: numeric modifier

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for nummod.

edit nummod

parataxis: parataxis

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for parataxis.

edit parataxis

punct: punctuation

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for punct.

edit punct

remnant: remnant in ellipsis

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for remnant.

edit remnant

reparandum: overridden disfluency

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for reparandum.

edit reparandum

root: root

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for root.

edit root

vocative: vocative

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for vocative.

edit vocative

xcomp: open clausal complement

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for xcomp.

edit xcomp