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This page pertains to UD version 2.


Language: Hindi (code: hi)
Family: Indo-European, Indic

This treebank has been part of Universal Dependencies since the UD v1.2 release.

The following people have contributed to making this treebank part of UD: Riyaz Ahmad Bhat, Daniel Zeman.

Repository: UD_Hindi-HDTB
Search this treebank on-line: PML-TQ
Download all treebanks: UD 2.2

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Genre: news

Questions, comments? General annotation questions (either Hindi-specific or cross-linguistic) can be raised in the main UD issue tracker. You can report bugs in this treebank in the treebank-specific issue tracker on Github. If you want to collaborate, please contact [zeman (æt) ufal • mff • cuni • cz]. Development of the treebank happens directly in the UD repository, so you may submit bug fixes as pull requests against the dev branch.

Annotation Source
Lemmas annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
UPOS annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
XPOS annotated manually
Features annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD
Relations annotated manually in non-UD style, automatically converted to UD


The Hindi UD treebank is based on the Hindi Dependency Treebank (HDTB), created at IIIT Hyderabad, India.

The Hindi Universal Dependency Treebank was automatically converted from Hindi Dependency Treebank (HDTB) which is part of an ongoing effort of creating multi-layered treebanks for Hindi and Urdu. HDTB is developed at IIIT-H India.


The project is supported by NSF Grant (Award Number: CNS 0751202; CFDA Number: 47.070).

Any publication reporting the work done using this data should cite the following references:

Riyaz Ahmad Bhat, Rajesh Bhatt, Annahita Farudi, Prescott Klassen, Bhuvana Narasimhan, Martha Palmer, Owen Rambow, Dipti Misra Sharma, Ashwini Vaidya, Sri Ramagurumurthy Vishnu, and Fei Xia. The Hindi/Urdu Treebank Project. In the Handbook of Linguistic Annotation (edited by Nancy Ide and James Pustejovsky), Springer Press

Title = {The Hindi/Urdu Treebank Project},
Author = {Bhat, Riyaz Ahmad and Bhatt, Rajesh and Farudi, Annahita and Klassen, Prescott and Narasimhan, Bhuvana and Palmer, Martha and Rambow, Owen and Sharma, Dipti Misra and Vaidya, Ashwini and Vishnu, Sri Ramagurumurthy and others},
Booktitle = {Handbook of Linguistic Annotation},
Publisher = {Springer Press}

Martha Palmer, Rajesh Bhatt, Bhuvana Narasimhan, Owen Rambow, Dipti Misra Sharma, Fei Xia. Hindi Syntax: Annotating Dependency, Lexical Predicate-Argument Structure, and Phrase Structure. In the Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, ICON-2009, Hyderabad, India, Dec 14-17, 2009.

title={Hindi syntax: Annotating dependency, lexical predicate-argument structure, and phrase structure},
author={Palmer, Martha and Bhatt, Rajesh and Narasimhan, Bhuvana and Rambow, Owen and Sharma, Dipti Misra and Xia, Fei},
booktitle={The 7th International Conference on Natural Language Processing},

Statistics of UD Hindi HDTB

POS Tags






Tokenization and Word Segmentation



Nominal Features

Degree and Polarity

Verbal Features

Pronouns, Determiners, Quantifiers

Other Features


Auxiliary Verbs and Copula

Core Arguments, Oblique Arguments and Adjuncts

Here we consider only relations between verbs (parent) and nouns or pronouns (child).

Relations Overview