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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_English-PUD: POS Tags: VERB

There are 741 VERB lemmas (15%), 1110 VERB types (19%) and 2154 VERB tokens (10%). Out of 17 observed tags, the rank of VERB is: 3 in number of lemmas, 3 in number of types and 4 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent VERB lemmas: have, be, say, take, make, use, become, work, begin, include

The 10 most frequent VERB types: have, said, used, took, are, has, is, began, had, was

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: have (AUX 162, VERB 65), be (AUX 628, VERB 60), make (VERB 28, AUX 1), use (VERB 27, NOUN 5), become (VERB 21, AUX 1), work (VERB 21, NOUN 5), do (AUX 32, VERB 16), lead (VERB 16, NOUN 2), help (VERB 15, NOUN 2), get (VERB 14, AUX 2)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: have (AUX 45, VERB 35), are (AUX 70, VERB 15), has (AUX 58, VERB 15), is (AUX 157, VERB 15, ADP 2), had (AUX 53, VERB 13), was (AUX 175, VERB 13), do (VERB 9, AUX 8), known (VERB 9, ADJ 1), left (VERB 8, ADJ 1), get (VERB 7, AUX 1)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of VERB is 1.497976 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.136613).

The 1st highest number of forms (8) was observed with the lemma “be”: ’s, are, be, been, being, is, was, were.

The 2nd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “begin”: began, begin, beginning, begins, begun.

The 3rd highest number of forms (5) was observed with the lemma “grow”: grew, grow, growing, grown, grows.

VERB occurs with 5 features: VerbForm (2151; 100% instances), Tense (1456; 68% instances), Mood (880; 41% instances), Number (205; 10% instances), Person (202; 9% instances)

VERB occurs with 9 feature-value pairs: Mood=Ind, Number=Sing, Person=3, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Fin, VerbForm=Ger, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part

VERB occurs with 10 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Mood=Ind|Tense=Past|VerbForm=Fin (545 tokens). Examples: said, took, began, became, had, told, worked, were, allowed, decided

Relations

VERB nodes are attached to their parents using 24 different relations: root (793; 37% instances), advcl (262; 12% instances), conj (198; 9% instances), acl:relcl (187; 9% instances), xcomp (186; 9% instances), acl (183; 8% instances), ccomp (101; 5% instances), amod (88; 4% instances), parataxis (80; 4% instances), csubj (27; 1% instances), case (22; 1% instances), aux:pass (8; 0% instances), aux (4; 0% instances), appos (2; 0% instances), compound (2; 0% instances), csubj:pass (2; 0% instances), nsubj (2; 0% instances), dislocated (1; 0% instances), fixed (1; 0% instances), nmod (1; 0% instances), nsubj:pass (1; 0% instances), obj (1; 0% instances), obl (1; 0% instances), orphan (1; 0% instances)

Parents of VERB nodes belong to 13 different parts of speech: (793; 37% instances), VERB (741; 34% instances), NOUN (460; 21% instances), ADJ (80; 4% instances), PROPN (46; 2% instances), PRON (10; 0% instances), AUX (9; 0% instances), ADV (5; 0% instances), NUM (4; 0% instances), ADP (2; 0% instances), SYM (2; 0% instances), SCONJ (1; 0% instances), X (1; 0% instances)

100 (5%) VERB nodes are leaves.

203 (9%) VERB nodes have one child.

382 (18%) VERB nodes have two children.

1469 (68%) VERB nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a VERB node is 12.

Children of VERB nodes are attached using 38 different relations: punct (1484; 19% instances), nsubj (1106; 14% instances), obl (1099; 14% instances), obj (868; 11% instances), advmod (518; 7% instances), mark (497; 6% instances), aux (369; 5% instances), aux:pass (272; 4% instances), advcl (246; 3% instances), nsubj:pass (236; 3% instances), xcomp (236; 3% instances), cc (210; 3% instances), conj (199; 3% instances), ccomp (125; 2% instances), compound:prt (70; 1% instances), parataxis (68; 1% instances), expl (41; 1% instances), nmod:tmod (17; 0% instances), obl:tmod (16; 0% instances), compound (12; 0% instances), csubj (11; 0% instances), iobj (10; 0% instances), fixed (9; 0% instances), case (7; 0% instances), cop (4; 0% instances), obl:npmod (4; 0% instances), cc:preconj (3; 0% instances), csubj:pass (3; 0% instances), acl (2; 0% instances), amod (2; 0% instances), nmod (2; 0% instances), acl:relcl (1; 0% instances), appos (1; 0% instances), det (1; 0% instances), discourse (1; 0% instances), dislocated (1; 0% instances), flat (1; 0% instances), vocative (1; 0% instances)

Children of VERB nodes belong to 17 different parts of speech: NOUN (2142; 28% instances), PUNCT (1484; 19% instances), VERB (741; 10% instances), AUX (638; 8% instances), PRON (604; 8% instances), PROPN (576; 7% instances), ADV (489; 6% instances), PART (292; 4% instances), SCONJ (241; 3% instances), CCONJ (211; 3% instances), ADJ (108; 1% instances), ADP (96; 1% instances), NUM (93; 1% instances), DET (20; 0% instances), SYM (15; 0% instances), X (2; 0% instances), INTJ (1; 0% instances)