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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_German-PUD: POS Tags: VERB

There are 773 VERB lemmas (14%), 1156 VERB types (17%) and 1913 VERB tokens (9%). Out of 16 observed tags, the rank of VERB is: 4 in number of lemmas, 2 in number of types and 5 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent VERB lemmas: haben, sein, sagen, geben, beginnen, führen, an, finden, kommen, nehmen

The 10 most frequent VERB types: sagte, ist, an, hat, haben, gibt, sagt, war, auf, begann

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: haben (AUX 121, VERB 55), sein (AUX 320, PRON 107, VERB 51), geben (VERB 38, ADJ 1), an (ADP 124, VERB 18, ADV 1), finden (VERB 18, ADJ 1, AUX 1), machen (VERB 15, AUX 2), auf (ADP 120, VERB 12), erhalten (VERB 12, ADJ 1), aus (ADP 44, VERB 11, ADV 2), ein (DET 411, NOUN 20, VERB 11, NUM 1)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: ist (AUX 119, VERB 19), an (ADP 111, VERB 18, ADV 1), hat (AUX 34, VERB 18), haben (AUX 24, VERB 17), war (AUX 94, VERB 13), auf (ADP 114, VERB 12), aus (ADP 43, VERB 11, ADV 2), ein (DET 98, VERB 11), hatte (AUX 35, VERB 10), zurück (VERB 10, ADV 3)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of VERB is 1.495472 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.193156).

The 1st highest number of forms (8) was observed with the lemma “sein”: bin, gewesen, ist, sein, sind, war, waren, wären.

The 2nd highest number of forms (6) was observed with the lemma “führen”: führen, führen., führt, führte, führten, geführt.

The 3rd highest number of forms (6) was observed with the lemma “haben”: gehabt, habe, haben, hat, hatte, hatten.

VERB occurs with 5 features: Tense (1437; 75% instances), Mood (1040; 54% instances), Number (1040; 54% instances), Person (1040; 54% instances), VerbForm (58; 3% instances)

VERB occurs with 12 feature-value pairs: Mood=Imp, Mood=Ind, Mood=Sub, Number=Plur, Number=Sing, Person=1, Person=2, Person=3, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part

VERB occurs with 21 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Tense=Past (442 tokens). Examples: sagte, begann, war, hatte, führte, gab, fand, erklärte, ging, schrieb

Relations

VERB nodes are attached to their parents using 18 different relations: root (810; 42% instances), conj (230; 12% instances), acl:relcl (225; 12% instances), advcl (190; 10% instances), ccomp (130; 7% instances), compound:prt (119; 6% instances), xcomp (117; 6% instances), parataxis (47; 2% instances), csubj (25; 1% instances), acl (6; 0% instances), csubj:pass (6; 0% instances), nmod (2; 0% instances), advmod (1; 0% instances), appos (1; 0% instances), compound (1; 0% instances), dep (1; 0% instances), nsubj (1; 0% instances), orphan (1; 0% instances)

Parents of VERB nodes belong to 11 different parts of speech: (810; 42% instances), VERB (727; 38% instances), NOUN (259; 14% instances), ADJ (78; 4% instances), PROPN (26; 1% instances), ADV (8; 0% instances), AUX (1; 0% instances), DET (1; 0% instances), NUM (1; 0% instances), PRON (1; 0% instances), SYM (1; 0% instances)

123 (6%) VERB nodes are leaves.

32 (2%) VERB nodes have one child.

70 (4%) VERB nodes have two children.

1688 (88%) VERB nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a VERB node is 12.

Children of VERB nodes are attached using 34 different relations: punct (1675; 21% instances), nsubj (1191; 15% instances), obl (1156; 14% instances), obj (876; 11% instances), advmod (633; 8% instances), mark (408; 5% instances), aux (350; 4% instances), cc (248; 3% instances), conj (245; 3% instances), aux:pass (220; 3% instances), nsubj:pass (195; 2% instances), advcl (178; 2% instances), ccomp (150; 2% instances), compound:prt (119; 1% instances), iobj (85; 1% instances), xcomp (80; 1% instances), expl (68; 1% instances), obl:tmod (65; 1% instances), parataxis (47; 1% instances), acl:relcl (18; 0% instances), csubj (7; 0% instances), csubj:pass (7; 0% instances), case (4; 0% instances), compound (3; 0% instances), amod (2; 0% instances), appos (2; 0% instances), cc:preconj (2; 0% instances), dep (2; 0% instances), det (2; 0% instances), nummod (2; 0% instances), cop (1; 0% instances), discourse (1; 0% instances), expl:pv (1; 0% instances), vocative (1; 0% instances)

Children of VERB nodes belong to 16 different parts of speech: NOUN (2371; 29% instances), PUNCT (1675; 21% instances), PRON (810; 10% instances), VERB (727; 9% instances), ADV (625; 8% instances), AUX (572; 7% instances), PROPN (410; 5% instances), SCONJ (268; 3% instances), CCONJ (250; 3% instances), PART (137; 2% instances), NUM (61; 1% instances), ADJ (59; 1% instances), DET (49; 1% instances), SYM (16; 0% instances), X (10; 0% instances), ADP (4; 0% instances)