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This page pertains to UD version 2.

Treebank Statistics: UD_Czech-PDT: POS Tags: VERB

There are 5668 VERB lemmas (9%), 21068 VERB types (16%) and 135510 VERB tokens (9%). Out of 17 observed tags, the rank of VERB is: 4 in number of lemmas, 4 in number of types and 5 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent VERB lemmas: mít, být, moci, muset, stát, chtít, jít, říci, lze, dát

The 10 most frequent VERB types: má, je, může, řekl, měl, mají, musí, jde, měla, jsou

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: mít (VERB 8496, AUX 1), být (AUX 41217, VERB 5167), moci (VERB 4292, AUX 1), stát (VERB 1539, NOUN 1446, AUX 3), růst (NOUN 353, VERB 149), vzrůst (VERB 139, NOUN 13), jet (VERB 129, PROPN 6, NOUN 3), bývat (AUX 168, VERB 44), hledět (VERB 39, ADP 1), škodit (VERB 18, NOUN 1)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: (VERB 2171, DET 16), je (AUX 10151, VERB 1986, PRON 887), jsou (AUX 2639, VERB 616), není (AUX 1224, VERB 322), bylo (AUX 1366, VERB 290), bude (AUX 2454, VERB 253), stal (VERB 240, AUX 1), byl (AUX 1945, VERB 214), stát (NOUN 301, VERB 226), být (AUX 1853, VERB 209)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of VERB is 3.717008 (the average of all parts of speech is 2.181849).

The 1st highest number of forms (46) was observed with the lemma “být”: Jsouc, bolo, bude, budeme, budete, budiž, budou, budu, buď, buďte, by, bych, bychom, byl, byla, byli, bylo, byly, bysme, být, býti, j, je, jest, jsem, jsi, jsme, jsou, jste, nebude, nebudeme, nebudeš, nebudou, nebudu, nebyl, nebyla, nebyli, nebylo, nebyly, nebýt, nejsem, nejsme, nejsou, nejste, není, si.

The 2nd highest number of forms (36) was observed with the lemma “stát”: nestal, nestala, nestali, nestalo, nestaly, nestane, nestanou, nestojí, nestojíme, nestojíte, nestál, nestála, nestáli, nestálo, nestály, stal, stala, stali, stalo, staly, stane, stanete, stanou, stanu, stoje, stojí, stojím, stojíme, stál, stála, stáli, stálo, stály, stát, státi, stůj.

The 3rd highest number of forms (31) was observed with the lemma “jít”: Nejít, Pojď, Pojďme, jde, jdem, jdeme, jdete, jdou, jít, nejde, nejdeme, nejdou, nejdu, nepůjde, nepůjdou, nepůjdu, nešel, nešla, nešli, nešlo, nešly, půjde, půjdeme, půjdete, půjdou, půjdu, šel, šla, šli, šlo, šly.

VERB occurs with 14 features: VerbForm (135510; 100% instances), Polarity (135495; 100% instances), Number (111091; 82% instances), Tense (110213; 81% instances), Voice (110213; 81% instances), Aspect (81764; 60% instances), Mood (60745; 45% instances), Person (60733; 45% instances), Gender (50342; 37% instances), Animacy (12708; 9% instances), Style (172; 0% instances), Foreign (119; 0% instances), Abbr (22; 0% instances), NameType (13; 0% instances)

VERB occurs with 38 feature-value pairs: Abbr=Yes, Animacy=Anim, Animacy=Inan, Aspect=Imp, Aspect=Perf, Foreign=Yes, Gender=Fem, Gender=Fem,Masc, Gender=Fem,Neut, Gender=Masc, Gender=Neut, Mood=Cnd, Mood=Imp, Mood=Ind, NameType=Com, NameType=Oth, NameType=Pro, Number=Plur, Number=Plur,Sing, Number=Sing, Person=1, Person=2, Person=3, Polarity=Neg, Polarity=Pos, Style=Arch, Style=Coll, Style=Expr, Style=Rare, Style=Vrnc, Tense=Fut, Tense=Past, Tense=Pres, VerbForm=Conv, VerbForm=Fin, VerbForm=Inf, VerbForm=Part, Voice=Act

VERB occurs with 189 feature combinations. The most frequent feature combination is Aspect=Imp|Mood=Ind|Number=Sing|Person=3|Polarity=Pos|Tense=Pres|VerbForm=Fin|Voice=Act (17364 tokens). Examples: říká, patří, znamená, tvrdí, představuje, uvádí, považuje, existuje, začíná, vyplývá

Relations

VERB nodes are attached to their parents using 21 different relations: root (59199; 44% instances), acl (19537; 14% instances), conj (18146; 13% instances), xcomp (13992; 10% instances), ccomp (7945; 6% instances), advcl (7751; 6% instances), csubj (5359; 4% instances), parataxis (1557; 1% instances), appos (732; 1% instances), dep (428; 0% instances), csubj:pass (393; 0% instances), orphan (196; 0% instances), cc (134; 0% instances), flat:foreign (67; 0% instances), advmod (31; 0% instances), case (27; 0% instances), nmod (6; 0% instances), fixed (4; 0% instances), mark (3; 0% instances), obj (2; 0% instances), amod (1; 0% instances)

Parents of VERB nodes belong to 17 different parts of speech: (59199; 44% instances), VERB (46077; 34% instances), NOUN (17856; 13% instances), ADJ (6303; 5% instances), DET (2904; 2% instances), PROPN (1833; 1% instances), ADV (710; 1% instances), PRON (243; 0% instances), NUM (215; 0% instances), PART (82; 0% instances), AUX (36; 0% instances), CCONJ (19; 0% instances), SCONJ (12; 0% instances), ADP (10; 0% instances), SYM (5; 0% instances), INTJ (4; 0% instances), PUNCT (2; 0% instances)

1575 (1%) VERB nodes are leaves.

9807 (7%) VERB nodes have one child.

15465 (11%) VERB nodes have two children.

108663 (80%) VERB nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a VERB node is 19.

Children of VERB nodes are attached using 35 different relations: punct (116866; 23% instances), nsubj (71902; 14% instances), obl (67714; 13% instances), obj (61183; 12% instances), advmod (41421; 8% instances), conj (19016; 4% instances), mark (18240; 4% instances), cc (18036; 4% instances), expl:pv (16638; 3% instances), obl:arg (15990; 3% instances), xcomp (15137; 3% instances), aux (13497; 3% instances), ccomp (9547; 2% instances), advcl (6966; 1% instances), iobj (5320; 1% instances), expl:pass (4897; 1% instances), nsubj:pass (3158; 1% instances), csubj (2752; 1% instances), dep (2453; 0% instances), advmod:emph (1592; 0% instances), parataxis (1123; 0% instances), csubj:pass (392; 0% instances), nmod (339; 0% instances), appos (306; 0% instances), discourse (298; 0% instances), vocative (64; 0% instances), flat:foreign (63; 0% instances), orphan (57; 0% instances), obl:agent (38; 0% instances), amod (28; 0% instances), acl (19; 0% instances), det (10; 0% instances), nummod (8; 0% instances), cop (4; 0% instances), fixed (1; 0% instances)

Children of VERB nodes belong to 16 different parts of speech: NOUN (162665; 32% instances), PUNCT (116874; 23% instances), VERB (46077; 9% instances), ADV (44032; 9% instances), PRON (39919; 8% instances), PROPN (22193; 4% instances), DET (19221; 4% instances), CCONJ (18202; 4% instances), SCONJ (17681; 3% instances), AUX (13501; 3% instances), ADJ (9100; 2% instances), NUM (3323; 1% instances), PART (2023; 0% instances), ADP (156; 0% instances), SYM (75; 0% instances), INTJ (33; 0% instances)