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This page still pertains to UD version 1.

POS tags

Open class words Closed class words Other
ADJ ADP PUNCT
ADV AUX SYM
INTJ CCONJ X
NOUN DET
PROPN NUM
VERB PART
PRON
SCONJ

ADJ: adjective

Definition

Adjectives are words that typically modify nouns and specify their properties or attributes. They may also function as predicates, as in

El cotxe és verd. “The car is green.”

In Catalan, adjectives normally follow the noun, e.g. La casa groga “The yellow house”, although sometimes they may also precede the noun, e.g. La blanca neu “The white snow”.

Adjectives in Catalan agree in number and gender with the noun they modify, e.g. la casa groga (femenine singular), les cases grogues (femenine plural).

The class of adjectives in Catalan UD also includes ordinal numbers and participial adjectives, both behaving as adjectives morphologically and syntactically. Note that participles are word forms that may share properties and usage of adjectives and verbs. Depending on context, they may be classified as either VERB or ADJ.

To conform to the UD guidelines, possessive adjectives are handled as determiners DET.

Examples

edit ADJ

ADP: adposition

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for ADP.

edit ADP

ADV: adverb

Definition

Adverbs are words that typically modify verbs for such categories as time, place, direction or manner. They may also modify adjectives (as in clarament fals “clearly fake”), other adverbs (as in molt breument “very briefly”) or even nouns / pronouns (as in solament tu “only you”).

There is a closed subclass of pronominal adverbs that refer to circumstances in context, rather than naming them directly; similarly to pronouns, these can be categorized as interrogative, relative, demonstrative, etc. To conform to the UD guidelines, pronominal adverbs also get the ADV part-of-speech tag but they are differentiated by additional features (see pronominal type).

Examples

edit ADV

AUX: auxiliary verb

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for AUX.

edit AUX

CCONJ: coordinating conjunction

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for CCONJ.

edit CCONJ

DET: determiner

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for DET.

edit DET

INTJ: interjection

Definition

An interjection is a word that is used most often as an exclamation or part of an exclamation. It typically expresses an emotional reaction, is not syntactically related to other accompanying expressions, and may include a combination of sounds not otherwise found in the language.

Note that words primarily belonging to another part of speech retains their original category when used in exclamations. For example, in the phrase ¡Déu meu!, Déu is a NOUN and meu is a PRON even in exclamatory uses.

As a special case of interjections, we recognize feedback particles such as and no. Note that uses of and no syntactically related to other accompanying expressions in a sentence are recognized as ADV.

Examples

Marked as interjections:

Marked as adverbs:

edit INTJ

NOUN: noun

Definition

Nouns are a part of speech typically denoting a person, place, thing, animal or idea.

The NOUN tag is intended for common nouns only. See PROPN for proper nouns and PRON for pronouns.

Spanish nouns have the lexical feature ca-feat/Gender. Furthermore, the nouns inflect for ca-feat/Number.

Examples

edit NOUN

NUM: numeral

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for NUM.

edit NUM

PART: particle

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PART.

edit PART

PRON: pronoun

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PRON.

edit PRON

PROPN: proper noun

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for PROPN.

edit PROPN

PUNCT: punctuation

Definition

Punctuation marks are non-alphabetical characters and character groups used in many languages to delimit linguistic units in printed text.

Punctuation is not taken to include logograms such as $, %, and §, which are instead tagged as SYM.

Examples

edit PUNCT

SCONJ: subordinating conjunction

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for SCONJ.

edit SCONJ

SYM: symbol

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for SYM.

edit SYM

VERB: verb

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for VERB.

edit VERB

X: other

This document is a placeholder for the language-specific documentation for X.

edit X