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ADP: adposition

Definition

Adposition in Bulgarian is a preposition. In the BulTreeBank tagset it is encoded as R. Thus, the preposition comes before a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun, or clause that functions as a noun phrase, and forms a single structure with the complement to express its grammatical and semantic relation to another unit within a clause.

Examples

In Bulgarian, prepositions can take the form of fixed multiword expressions, such as in spite of, because of, thanks to in English. They are treated as multiwords in the treebank, but for the purposes of mapping to this level, they are treated compositionally.

Examples

is analyzed as


Treebank Statistics (UD_Bulgarian)

There are 70 ADP lemmas (0%), 72 ADP types (0%) and 22092 ADP tokens (14%). Out of 16 observed tags, the rank of ADP is: 7 in number of lemmas, 8 in number of types and 3 in number of tokens.

The 10 most frequent ADP lemmas: на, в, за, от, с, по, до, след, като, през

The 10 most frequent ADP types: на, в, за, от, с, по, до, след, като, през

The 10 most frequent ambiguous lemmas: в (ADP 3331, PROPN 2, NOUN 2), с (ADP 1463, PROPN 1), като (ADP 328, SCONJ 192), преди (ADP 165, ADV 3), под (ADP 84, NOUN 5), у (ADP 81, PROPN 3), зад (ADP 44, NOUN 1), край (NOUN 101, ADP 39), против (ADP 15, ADV 1), / (PUNCT 9, ADP 2)

The 10 most frequent ambiguous types: като (ADP 315, SCONJ 162), преди (ADP 125, ADV 1), под (ADP 77, NOUN 1), край (ADP 35, NOUN 11), : (PUNCT 219, ADP 15), против (ADP 15, ADV 1), / (PUNCT 9, ADP 2, CONJ 1), - (PUNCT 955, PROPN 4, CONJ 2, ADP 1), плюс (CONJ 4, ADP 1), съобразно (ADV 2, ADP 1)

Morphology

The form / lemma ratio of ADP is 1.028571 (the average of all parts of speech is 1.728233).

The 1st highest number of forms (2) was observed with the lemma “на”: :, на.

The 2nd highest number of forms (2) was observed with the lemma “срещу”: -, срещу.

The 3rd highest number of forms (1) was observed with the lemma “/”: /.

ADP does not occur with any features.

Relations

ADP nodes are attached to their parents using 10 different relations: bg-dep/case (21606; 98% instances), bg-dep/mark (260; 1% instances), bg-dep/mwe (153; 1% instances), bg-dep/nmod (54; 0% instances), bg-dep/iobj (9; 0% instances), bg-dep/conj (6; 0% instances), bg-dep/advmod (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/dobj (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/remnant (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/root (1; 0% instances)

Parents of ADP nodes belong to 10 different parts of speech: NOUN (17444; 79% instances), PROPN (2557; 12% instances), PRON (948; 4% instances), VERB (426; 2% instances), ADJ (269; 1% instances), NUM (170; 1% instances), ADP (156; 1% instances), DET (93; 0% instances), ADV (28; 0% instances), ROOT (1; 0% instances)

21663 (98%) ADP nodes are leaves.

335 (2%) ADP nodes have one child.

92 (0%) ADP nodes have two children.

2 (0%) ADP nodes have three or more children.

The highest child degree of a ADP node is 5.

Children of ADP nodes are attached using 11 different relations: bg-dep/mwe (440; 83% instances), bg-dep/advmod (68; 13% instances), bg-dep/cc (7; 1% instances), bg-dep/conj (5; 1% instances), bg-dep/ccomp (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/cop (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/goeswith (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/neg (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/nsubj (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/punct (1; 0% instances), bg-dep/remnant (1; 0% instances)

Children of ADP nodes belong to 10 different parts of speech: PART (182; 35% instances), ADP (156; 30% instances), NOUN (92; 17% instances), ADV (72; 14% instances), SCONJ (13; 2% instances), CONJ (7; 1% instances), VERB (2; 0% instances), INTJ (1; 0% instances), PRON (1; 0% instances), PUNCT (1; 0% instances)


ADP in other languages: [am] [ar] [bg] [bxr] [ca] [ckb] [cop] [cs] [cu] [da] [de] [el] [en] [es] [et] [eu] [fa] [fi] [fo] [fr] [ga] [gl] [got] [grc] [he] [hi] [hr] [hu] [id] [it] [ja] [kk] [kmr] [ko] [la] [lv] [mr] [nl] [no] [pl] [pt] [ro] [ru] [sa] [sk] [sla] [sl] [so] [sr] [sv] [swl] [ta] [tr] [ug] [uk] [u] [urj] [ur] [vi] [yue] [zh]